Albinism is a genetic condition that results in varied levels of hypo-pigmentation, or lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and retinas and irises of the eyes. Patients with albinism are often challenged with different degrees of light sensitivity, and decreased visual acuity. Hence, albinism and vision go hand in hand.
Nystagmus, a pattern of movements of the eye back and forth (pendular) or in a circular manner (rotational) may also be present. Nystagmus makes it difficult for the eye to stabilize and as such frequently results in a decreased level of acuity as well. Patients with Albinism may benefit from therapeutic filters, and may also appreciate help from certain telescopic and tele-microscopic aids.